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The private security industry in Antwerp (1907-1934). A historical-criminological analysis of its modus operandi and growth

Pieter Leloup
p. 119-147

Résumés

Cet article présente une analyse de l’industrie de la sécurité privée à Anvers entre 1907 et 1934, au point de vue de son développement, de sa structure et de ses activités. L’émergence d’une forme marchande de police est replacée dans le contexte de développements politiques, socio-économiques et criminologiques en Belgique. Nous nous attardons particulièrement sur deux compagnies qui ont jeté les bases de l’industrie belge moderne de la sécurité, Waak en Sluit et Garde Maritime & Commerciale, tout en présentant certaines comparaisons avec d’autres services de police privés (inter)nationaux.

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Extrait du texte

Ce document sera publié en ligne en texte intégral en novembre 2018.

Plan

Introduction
The concept of private security
Private security in Antwerp (1907-1934) : Security and law enforcement in Antwerp
The ‘Waak en Sluit’ private night watch service
Origin and background
Activities and organisation
The ‘Garde Maritime & Commerciale’ private security company
Origin and background
Activities and organisation
The growth of the private security industry
The interface between private security and the state police
Conclusion

Aperçu du texte

Introduction

Although academic interest in private security and policing has increased significantly in the last few decades, it is only recently that consensus has evolved on the changes that policing and crime control in Western industrialised countries have gone through. Most scholars attribute significant shifts in the delivery, practice and orientation of policing and crime control to the development of new professions in security, and to the substantial expansion of private sector security services in particular. In what today is a burgeoning security industry, the tens of thousands of private security personnel greatly outnumber police forces in several Western nations, and private agencies have become important suppliers of visible surveillance, order maintenance, investigation and information-brokering. Some interpret these changes by claiming that we are entering a new era in which one system, that of public policing, has ended and another has taken its place. These develop...

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Référence papier

Pieter Leloup, « The private security industry in Antwerp (1907-1934). A historical-criminological analysis of its modus operandi and growth », Crime, Histoire & Sociétés / Crime, History & Societies, Vol. 19, n°2 | 2015, 119-147.

Référence électronique

Pieter Leloup, « The private security industry in Antwerp (1907-1934). A historical-criminological analysis of its modus operandi and growth », Crime, Histoire & Sociétés / Crime, History & Societies [En ligne], Vol. 19, n°2 | 2015, mis en ligne le 01 novembre 2018, consulté le 22 juin 2017. URL : http://chs.revues.org/1604 ; DOI : 10.4000/chs.1604

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Auteur

Pieter Leloup

Pieter Leloup has a Master in Criminological Sciences (2012) as well as a Master in History (2009) both from the University of Ghent. He is currently preparing his PhD thesis at the University of Brussels working on the history of the private security industry in Belgium, c. 1907 to the present. He has published the monograph Private en commerciële veiligheidszorg in België. Een historisch-criminologisch onderzoek (1870-1934) (Antwerpen, Maklu Uitgeverij, 2014) and together with Xavier Rouseaux and Antoon Vrints he has co-authored the article ‘Banditry in occupied and liberated Belgium, 1914–1921 : Social practises and state reactions’, Social History (2014, 39, 1, pp. 83-105).

Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Boulevard de la Plaine 2,
B - 1050 Ixelles

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